FP2020's 17 Core Indicators are the foundation of our measurement agenda and strive to capture different dimensions of family planning, including access, availability, quality, equity, informed choice, and empowerment.
Together they present a varied family planning landscape, across and within the 69 FP2020 focus countries. Though these indicators are reported in a standardized way across the focus countries, it is important to understand nuances between the indicators and the way they are presented in this report. Some indicators are reported for all women (number of additional users and mCPR), while others are currently reported for married or in-union women (unmet need and demand satisfied), with the ultimate aim of reporting these indicators for all women as we develop a sound methodology for doing so.
Some indicators are derived annually from modeling (Indicators 1–8), while others are based on the most recent survey (Indicators 9–11 and 14–17). In addition, we present some indicators disaggregated by age, urban/rural residence, and wealth quintile, to highlight disparities in contraceptive use, unmet need, and demand satisfied. The disaggregated data, however, are only available from the most recent surveys for married women, and so may not match with the annual estimates for these indicators.
The data presented in the estimate tables are also available on a country-by-country basis on the FP2020 website, which has country-specific pages with information and downloadable documents on each of the 69 FP2020 focus countries.
View all Estimate Tables (PDF)
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ADDITIONAL USERS OF MODERN CONTRACEPTION
The number of additional women (or their partners) of reproductive age currently using a modern contraceptive method compared to 2012.
MODERN CONTRACEPTIVE PREVALENCE RATE (mCPR)
The percentage of women of reproductive age who are using (or whose partner is using) a modern contraceptive method at a particular point in time.
UNMET NEED FOR MODERN CONTRACEPTION
Married or in-union women
The percentage of fecund women of reproductive age who want no more children or to postpone having the next child, but are not using a contraceptive method, plus women who are currently using a traditional method of family planning. Women using a traditional method are assumed to have an unmet need for modern contraception.
DEMAND SATISFIED FOR MODERN CONTRACEPTION
Married or in-union women
The percentage of women (or their partners) who desire either to have no additional children or to postpone the next child and who are currently using a modern contraceptive method. Women using a traditional method are assumed to have an unmet need for modern contraception.
The number of pregnancies that occurred at a time when women (and their partners) either did not want additional children or wanted to delay the next birth. Usually measured with regard to last or recent pregnancies, including current pregnancies.
UNINTENDED PREGNENCIES AVERTED
The number of unintended pregnancies that did not occur during a specified reference period as a result of the protection provided by modern contraceptive use during the reference period.
UNSAFE ABORTIONS AVERTED
The number of unsafe abortions that did not occur during a specified reference period as a result of the protection provided by modern contraceptive use during the reference period.
MATERNAL DEATHS AVERTED
The number of maternal deaths that did not occur during a specified reference period as a result of the protection provided by modern contraceptive use during the reference period.
MODERN CONTRACEPTIVE METHOD MIX
The percentage of total family planning users using each modern method of contraception.
CONTRACEPTIVE STOCKOUTS BY METHOD
Percentage of facilities stocked out of each type of contraceptive offered, on the day of assessment.
CONTRACEPTIVE METHOD AVAILABILITY
The percentage of service delivery points (SDPs) that have at least 3 modern methods of contraception available on the day of the assessment.
The percentage of secondary and tertiary service delivery points (SDPs) that have at least 5 modern methods of contraception available on the day of the assessment.
GOVERNMENT FAMILY PLANNING EXPENDITURES
Total annual public sector recurrent expenditures on family planning. This includes expenditures by all levels of government.
Indicator 12 is not reported individually for countries this year due to challenges with data validation.
See section on “Domestic Government Expenditures on Family Planning” for more information.
COUPLE-YEARS OF PROTECTION (CYPs)
The estimated protection provided by family planning services during a one year period, based upon the volume of all contraceptives sold or distributed free of charge to clients during that period. The CYP is calculated by multiplying the quantity of each method distributed to clients by a conversion factor, which yields an estimate of the duration of contraceptive protection provided per unit of that method.
METHOD INFORMATION INDEX
An index measuring the extent to which women were given specific information when they received family planning services. The index is composed of three questions (Were you informed about other methods? Were you informed about side effects? Were you told what to do if you experienced side effects?). The reported value is the percent of women who responded “yes” to all three questions.
FAMILY PLANNING COUNSELING
The percentage of women who were provided information on family planning within the last 12 months through contact with a health service provider. The contact could occur in either a clinic or community setting. Information could have been provided via a number of mechanisms, including counseling, information, education and communication materials, or talks/conversations about family planning.
FAMILY PLANNING DECISION-MAKING
The percentage of women currently using family planning whose decision to use was made mostly alone or jointly with their husband/partner.
ADOLESCENT BIRTH RATE
The number of births to adolescent females aged 15-19 occurring during a given reference period per 1,000 adolescent females.
The following tables present estimates for mCPR (Core Indicator 2), unmet need (Core Indicator 3) and demand satisfied (Core Indicator 4), disaggregated by age, urban/rural residence, and wealth quintile. These disaggregated estimates are only available from the most recent surveys for married or in-union women, and so may not match the figures in the estimate tables for indicators 2, 3 and 4. For most countries, unmet need and demand satisfied are reported with respect to any method of contraception, not just modern methods. For countries whose most recent survey is a PMA2020 survey, this data reflects unmet need and demand satisfied for modern methods.
View Disaggregated Estimates (PDF)